Khiva, Uzbekistan

We can attract more tourists with our history and values

Shavkat Mirziyoyev

Khiva - The City Museum

Khiva is the most peculiar Uzbek city. Its history is inextricably connected with the history of the legendary Khorezmshah’s State with its capital in Urgench before. Khiva is a very ancient city.

In the 10th century Khiva is mentioned as a major trading center on the Silk Road. All the caravans had a stop here on their way to China and back. From dawn to dusk, until the gates were opened, an endless stream of moving string of camels with baggage passed them.

At the beginning of the 16th century Khorezm State became home for Uzbek nomadic tribes, who founded Khive Khanate here. However, Khiva did not become immediately the Khanate’s capital. It happened only after Urgench, an existing capital, had been destroyed due to the change of Amu Darya’s channel. In 1598 Khiva became the main city of the state.

In the 19th century Russia annexed part of Khiva Khanate. One century later, in 1919, the last Khan was liquidated of the ruling dynasty. So Khiva became the capital of the new Khorezm Soviet People's Republic. In 1924 territories of Khorezm oasis became a part of modern Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan.

By Nurbek Olloyor

 

The Liberum

Vox Populi, Vox Dei
See full bio >
The Liberum runs on your donation. Fight with us for a free society.
Donation Form (#6)

More articles you might like

Theatrum Mundi in the Tempest

It is no longer a secret that Russia and China, with their strategic foresight, are […]
His Excellency Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj, President of Mongolia in better days, speaking at a forum in 2012. Picture courtesy of Flickr.
- - by The Liberum on 16/05/2024

Corruption scandals keep chasing former Mongolian President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj

Mongolia is one of the countries that speaks to the imagination of many. News reports […]
President Xi Jinping and Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic hold talks in Belgrade, Serbia, on May 8, 2024. Picture courtesy China Daily.

Surrounded by NATO and EU, Serbia turns to China for strategic cooperation

“Serbia is a country ‘in-between’. It is a place where the future happens first, with […]
Armenians are demonstrating in Boston (2020) against Turkey and Azerbaijan. Picture courtesy of Pat Greenhouse (Boston Globe).
- by The Liberum on 09/05/2024

Overcoming the Armenian diaspora’s irredentist legacy

Armenian nationalism, deeply influenced by the Armenian diaspora during the Cold War, has shaped the […]
Dutch emeritus professor Guus Berkhout (84) in The Hague (Netherlands). Picture by Arthur Blok.
- by Arthur Blok on 29/04/2024

IPCC Refuses Repeated Calls for Dialogue with Critical Scientists

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) ignores crucial peer-reviewed literature and cherry-picks evidence to […]
Panoramic view of Baku - the capital of Azerbaijan located by the Caspian Sea shore.. Picture by Arthur Blok.

Azerbaijan's capital Baku is a Strategic Pearl of the Caspian Sea

I had the pleasure of visiting Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, in early April. To […]